An electronically processed image composed of bits and bytes, usually coming from the use of a computer. Common technologies used to produce digital prints include inkjet, electrophotography (dry toner and liquid toner), thermal transfer (mass transfer and dry sublimation transfer), and laser imaging (digital photo printing) on paper or other matrixes.
Intaglio is the collective term for several graphic processes in which prints are made from ink trapped in grooves in an incised metal plates. These processes include: Engraving, Drypoint, Etching, Aquatint, Mezzotint.
In the graphic arts, a method of printing from a prepared flat stone or metal or plastic plate, invented in the late eighteenth century. A drawing is made on the stone or plate with a greasy crayon or tusche, and then washed with water. When ink is applied it sticks to the greasy drawing but runs off (or is resisted by) the wet surface allowing a print — a lithograph — to be made of the drawing. The artist, or other print maker under the artist’s supervision, then covers the plate with a sheet of paper and runs both through a press under light pressure. For color lithography separate drawings are made for each color.
One of a series of prints in which each has some differences of color, design, texture, etc. applied to an underlying common image. A monoprint begins with an etched plate, a serigraph, lithograph or collograph. This
underlying image remains the same and is common to each print in a given series. Other means of adding pigment or design are then employed to make each print in the series slightly different. Not to be confused with a monotype.
A one-of-a-kind print made by painting on a smooth metal, glass or stone plate and then printing on paper. The pressure of printing creates a texture not possible when painting directly on paper. A monotype is one of a kind, a unique piece of artwork. It is the simplest form of printmaking, requiring only pigments, a surface on which to apply them, paper and some form of press. Monotypes are pulled impressions that were drawn or painted on a metal orplexiglass plate. The images are created through applications of ink that are rolled, brushed, daubed or otherwise applied and manipulated and then the paper pulled with the use of a press. Monotypes are inherently unique because only one or two impressions may be pulled before the ink is used up. Not to be confused with a monoprint
A relief print is one whose image is printed from a design raised on the surface of a block. In this type of print the ink lies on the top of the block and is transferred to the paper under light pressure. Types of Relief Prints include:Woodcut, Linoleum Block, and Collagraph.
A serigraph is produced by screen printing. The
process has been popularly known as silkscreen printing because screens were first made of silk. The screen is tightly stretched across a frame. The design is made by blocking out the entire screen, except for the area to be printed. Paper is placed under the screen, ink is then ’squeegeed’ over the screen through the open or unblocked areas onto the paper below, thereby creating the original art image.